The prostate gland is a critical part of the male reproductive system. The prostate produces a fluid that mixes with sperm and other fluids during ejaculation. These fluids nourish and transport sperm during the process of semen ejaculation during sexual excitement. A normal prostate gland is around the mass of a walnut.
Prostate cancer is the principal cause of cancer related death for American men who do not smoke. It is primarily a disease of aging. Men in their 30s and 40s hardly ever develop prostate cancer, but the incidence grows steadily after the age of 55. Around 80 percent of all prostate cancer cases take place in men over the age of sixty-five. By the age of 80, 4 out of 5 men have some level of prostate cancer. Many experts feel that all men will eventually acquire prostate cancer if they live long enough. The three most common prostate problems are prostatitis or inflection, prostate enlargement, and prostate cancer.
The signs and symptoms of an enlarged prostate may differ, but the most general ones involve changes or issues with urination, such as a hesitant, interrupted, weak stream, urgency and leaking or dribbling, more frequent urination, especially at night. This is frequently called nocturia. Men who have symptoms of prostate obstruction are much more probable to develop chronic kidney disease. These are embarrassing and dangerous issues if not found and corrected in time.
The principal medical treatment for BPH problems is non-invasive surgery often called trans urethral resection of the prostate, also commonly referred to as reaming out the prostate. There are in addition drugs like Proscar used to shrink the prostate, but these drugs have not been that effective and have negative side effects. Prostate infections, or prostatitis, are rather widespread in males after their teenage years. Symptoms of prostate infections might include repeated and or painful urination, other urinary issues, or pain during sex.
The most serious prostate problem is cancer. Cancer of the prostate is the second most commonly diagnosed cancer in males after skin cancer. It is the second most widespread cause of cancer death in men after lung cancer. The initial symptoms of prostate cancer are very similar to those of BPH, including getting up often at night to urinate; urinating often, but only in tiny amounts; having to wait forever for the urine flow to start; and a urinary flow that starts and stops. These indicators do not mean that a person has prostate cancer. But these or other signs and symptoms do indicate it is time for a medical exam.
Prostate Enlargement is common as a man ages and matures. Medical doctors call this condition as enlarged prostate BPH or “benign prostatic hyperplasia”. At the same time as the prostate enlarges, the layer of tissue surrounding it prevents it from expanding, causing the prostate gland to push inward against the urethra and restricting the flow, narrowing the space for urine to pass. The bladder wall also will become thicker and irritable. The bladder begins to contract even when it contains even small amounts of urine, causing more frequent urination by the male. Eventually, the bladder weakens and loses some ability to entirely empty itself and urine remains in the bladder. The narrowing of the urethra and partial emptying of the bladder cause a large number of the issues connected with an enlarged prostate. A medical doctor can determine an enlarged prostate during the dreaded finger prostate exam.
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